ALD was founded in 1958 when Kwame Nkrumah convened the First Conference of Independent States held in Accra, Ghana and attended by eight independent African states. The 15th of April was declared “African Freedom Day,” to mark each year the onward progress of the liberation movement, and to symbolize the determination of the people of Africa to free themselves from foreign domination and exploitation. On the 25th of May 1963, thirty-one African Heads of state convened a summit meeting to found the Organization of African Unity (OAU). They renamed African Freedom Day “African Liberation Day” and changed its date to May 25th.
Between the above times 1958 and 1963 the nation/class struggle intensified in Africa and the world. Seventeen countries in Africa won their independence and 1960 was proclaimed the Year of Africa. Out of the intensification of the struggle, a new generation of African youth at the time emerged and reaffirmed their African personality, history and their Pan-African objectives. Soome of which were Malcolm X, Sister M’balia Camara, Patrice Lumumba, Frantz Fanon and the countless generations before them.
In short this day is to commemorate African countries and celebrate the hard-fought achievement of their freedom from European colonial powers. To remember the people that helped us in the fight to achieve our Freedom and though Africa still has a long way to go. We are far from where we use to be and close to where we want to be. Today African Liberation Day is a permanent mass institution in the world-wide Pan-African movement. As an institution, it is stronger today because the masses of African people are stronger and ALD is their day.