What are Ebola’s symptoms?
Early symptoms include sudden onset of fever, weakness, muscle pain, headaches and a sore throat. These symptoms can appear two to 21 days after infection.The WHO says these nonspecific early symptoms can be mistaken for signs of diseases such as malaria, typhoid fever, meningitis or even the plague.MSF says some patients may also develop a rash, red eyes, hiccups, chest pains and difficulty breathing and swallowing.The early symptoms progress to vomiting, diarrhea, impaired kidney and liver function and sometimes internal and external bleeding.Ebola can only be definitively confirmed by five different laboratory tests.
How is it treated?
There are no specific treatments for Ebola. MSF says patients are isolated and then supported by health care workers.”This consists of hydrating the patient, maintaining their oxygen status and blood pressure and treating them for any complicating infections,” it says.There have been cases of health care workers contracting the virus from patients, and the WHO has issued guidance for dealing with confirmed or suspected cases of the virus.Caregivers are advised to wear impermeable gowns and gloves and to wear facial protection such as goggles or a medical mask to prevent splashes to the nose, mouth and eyes.MSF says it contained a 2012 outbreak in Uganda by placing a control area around its treatment center. An outbreak is considered over once 42 days — double the incuba
How many cases have there been?
Estimates are that there have been more than 3,000 cases of Ebola and more than 2,000 deaths since 1976.The last recorded outbreaks before the current one in Guinea were in 2012 — in Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo.The Uganda outbreak involved a total of 24 probable and confirmed cases, and 17 deaths, according to the WHO, which declared it had ended in October 2012.MSF said the Uganda outbreak had been the Sudan strain, while the virus found in DRC was the Bundibugyo sub-type.Before 2014, the most deadly outbreak was the 1976 outbreak in then Zaire, when 280 of 318 infected people died, according to the CDC. In 2000, there were 425 cases of Ebola